Cholera Alert

Confirmed Cholera cases in Lilongwe have risen to 7.   current cases include

Area  36 :  2cases

Chisapo: 1 case

Area 24: 2cases

Mtsiriza: 1 case

Dzenza: 1case

Notice its wide spreading fast… Please take precautions.

What you need to know about Cholera:

.1What is Cholera?

Cholera is an intestinal infection characterized by profuse watery diarrhea of sudden onset

.2Cause of cholera:

A bacterium known as Vibrio cholerae

.3Mode of transmission

Feco-oral transmission i.e. mainly ingestion of water or food contaminated with faeces of an infected person. “Fingers, flies, faeces an fruits”

4.Incubation period

One may start having symptoms within, as early as, 2 hours of infection.

.5Signs & symptoms

-Profuse watery diarrhea which can be very frequent, looks like water from boiled rice.

– Vomiting

-Abdominal cramps

-Dehydration

  1. How can you protect yourself and your family?
  2. Drink safe water – mineral or boiled water.
  3. Do not eat outside home
  4. Wash hands before eating or drinking
  5. Wash hands after using the toilet
  6. Avoid gatherings
  7. Disinfect water with chlorine
  8. Wash fruits well and peel before eating
  9. Disinfect toilets
  10. Avoid flies at home
  11. Eat only freshly cooked foods.
  12. Cut your nails
  13. What to do in case you get infected

– Start oral rehydration salt (ORS). If ORS is unavailable to you, put 8 tea spoons of sugar and 1/2 tea spoon of salt in 1 liter of safe water and start drinking

– Go to the nearest hospital ASAP

  1. How do people die of cholera?

Dehydration leading to electrolyte imbalance and hypovolemic shock is the main cause of death

  1. What is the good news?

– Cholera is both preventable and treatable

– 75% of infected cases do not develop symptoms though they can spread the disease

-80% of cases will only need ORS to get better

  1. Finally

Take personal responsibility to stop the cholera

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